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Object maker 을/를

 

Object + 을 / 를

 

Korean particle, 을/를, is used to set the object in a sentence. This is new concept that only Korean has, but English doesn’t. ‘을/를’  is attached after object word to announce that it plays the role as the object in a sentence, though a order of words represent the elements of a sentence in English. This object maker is characteristic of Korean. People can understand the meaning of a sentence even in wrong order.

The last syllable of object word decides whether it should be to be ‘을’ or to be ‘를’. If the last syllable has 받침(batchim=Support), Prop(last) Consonant, then it become ‘을’, or ‘를’. For example, the last syllable ‘생’ of the word, 학생(student), has the last consonant ‘ㅇ’,  So we must attach ‘을’ after ‘학생’ (->학생+을).  On the contrary to this, the last syllable ‘자’ of 남자(man) doesn’t has a last consonant. ‘를’ is attached on after ‘남자'(->남자+를) .

Word Meaning Romanization
 [responsivevoice voice=”Korean Female”  buttontext=””]꽃들을 보았다.
[/responsivevoice]꽃들 보았다.
(I, Someone) saw the flowers. kkochdeul-eul boassda.
 [responsivevoice voice=”Korean Female”  buttontext=””]학생을 사랑한다.
[/responsivevoice]학생 사랑한다.
(I, Someone) love students. hagsaeng-eul salanghanda.
 [responsivevoice voice=”Korean Female”  buttontext=””]선생님을 존경한다.
[/responsivevoice]선생님 존경한다.
(I, Someone) respect my teacher. seonsaengnim-eul jongyeonghanda.
 [responsivevoice voice=”Korean Female”  buttontext=””]수박을 먹었다.
[/responsivevoice]수박 먹었다.
(I, Someone) ate watermelon. subag-eul meog-eossda.
 [responsivevoice voice=”Korean Female”  buttontext=””]곰을 만졌다.
[/responsivevoice]곰 만졌다.
(I, Someone) touched the bear. gom-eul manjyeossda.
[responsivevoice voice=”Korean Female”  buttontext=””]나를 믿는다.
내가 걷는다[/responsivevoice]나 믿는다.
(I, Someone) believe in me. naleul midneunda.
[responsivevoice voice=”Korean Female”  buttontext=””]너를 좋아한다.
[/responsivevoice]너 좋아한다.
(I, Someone) like you. neoleul joh-ahanda.
 [responsivevoice voice=”Korean Female”  buttontext=””]개를 키운다.
[/responsivevoice]개 키운다.
(I, Someone) raise a dog gaeleul kiunda
 [responsivevoice voice=”Korean Female”  buttontext=””]사과를 그렸다.
[/responsivevoice]사과 그렸다.
(I, Someone) painted an apple. sagwaleul geulyeossda.
 [responsivevoice voice=”Korean Female”  buttontext=””]학교를 다닌다.
[/responsivevoice]학교 다닌다.
(I, Someone) attend school. haggyoleul daninda.
Vocab
나=me, 너=you, 개=dog, 사과=apple, 학교=school, 꽃=flower, 학생=student, 선생님=student, 곰=bear, 수박=watermelon, 보다=to see, 사랑하다= love, 존경하다 = respect, 먹었다 = ate, 만졌다=touched, 믿는다=believe, 좋아한다= like, 키운다=raise, 그렸다=painted, 다닌다=attend

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Subject maker 이/가

 

Subject + 이 / 가

 

Korean particle, 이/가, is used to set the subject in a sentence. This is new concept that only Korean has, but English doesn’t. ‘이/가’  is attached after subject word to announce that it plays the role as the subject in a sentence, though a order of words represent the elements of a sentence in English. This subject maker is characteristic of Korean. People can understand the meaning of a sentence even in wrong order.

The last syllable of subject word decides whether it should be to be ‘이’ or to be ‘가’. If the last syllable has 받침(batchim=Support), Prop(last) Consonant, then it become ‘이’, or ‘가’. For example, the last syllable ‘생’ of the word, 학생(student), has the last consonant ‘ㅇ’,  So we must attach ‘이’ after ‘학생’ (->학생+이).  On the contrary to this, the last syllable ‘자’ of 남자(man) doesn’t has a last consonant. ‘가’ is attached on after ‘남자'(->남자+가) .

Word Meaning Romanization
 [responsivevoice voice=”Korean Female”  buttontext=””]꽃들이 예쁘다.
[/responsivevoice]꽃들 예쁘다.
The flowers are beautiful.  kkochdeul-i yeppeuda
 [responsivevoice voice=”Korean Female”  buttontext=””]학생이 공부한다.
[/responsivevoice]학생 공부한다.
The student is studying.  hagsaeng-i gongbuhanda
 [responsivevoice voice=”Korean Female”  buttontext=””]선생님이 멋있다.
[/responsivevoice]선생님 멋있다.
The teacher is handsome.  seonsaengnim-i meos-issda
 [responsivevoice voice=”Korean Female”  buttontext=””]수박이 맛있다.
[/responsivevoice]수박 맛있다.
A watermelon is delicious.  subag-i mas-issda.
 [responsivevoice voice=”Korean Female”  buttontext=””]곰이 크다.
[/responsivevoice]곰 크다.
A bear is big.  gom-i keuda
[responsivevoice voice=”Korean Female”  buttontext=””]
내가 걷는다[/responsivevoice]내 걷는다.
I walk.  naega geodneunda
[responsivevoice voice=”Korean Female”  buttontext=””]네가 달린다.
[/responsivevoice]네 달린다.
you run.  nega dallinda
 [responsivevoice voice=”Korean Female”  buttontext=””]개가 잔다.
[/responsivevoice]개 잔다.
A dog sleep.  gaega janda
 [responsivevoice voice=”Korean Female”  buttontext=””]사과가 맛있다.
[/responsivevoice]사과 맛있다.
An apple is delicious.  sagwaga mas-issda
 [responsivevoice voice=”Korean Female”  buttontext=””] 학교가 멀다
[/responsivevoice]학교 멀다.
School is far away.  haggyoga meolda
Vocab
내(+가)=I, 네(+가)=you, 뭐(+가)=what, 개=dog, 사과=apple, 학교=school, 꽃=flower, 학생=student, 선생님=student, 곰=bear, 수박=watermelon

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