Object maker 을/를
Object + 을 / 를
Korean particle, 을/를, is used to set the object in a sentence. This is new concept that only Korean has, but English doesn’t. ‘을/를’ is attached after object word to announce that it plays the role as the object in a sentence, though a order of words represent the elements of a sentence in English. This object maker is characteristic of Korean. People can understand the meaning of a sentence even in wrong order.
The last syllable of object word decides whether it should be to be ‘을’ or to be ‘를’. If the last syllable has 받침(batchim=Support), Prop(last) Consonant, then it become ‘을’, or ‘를’. For example, the last syllable ‘생’ of the word, 학생(student), has the last consonant ‘ㅇ’, So we must attach ‘을’ after ‘학생’ (->학생+을). On the contrary to this, the last syllable ‘자’ of 남자(man) doesn’t has a last consonant. ‘를’ is attached on after ‘남자'(->남자+를) .
|꽃들을 보았다.||(I, Someone) saw the flowers.||kkochdeul-eul boassda.|
|학생을 사랑한다.||(I, Someone) love students.||hagsaeng-eul salanghanda.|
|선생님을 존경한다.||(I, Someone) respect my teacher.||seonsaengnim-eul jongyeonghanda.|
|수박을 먹었다.||(I, Someone) ate watermelon.||subag-eul meog-eossda.|
|곰을 만졌다.||(I, Someone) touched the bear.||gom-eul manjyeossda.|
|나를 믿는다.||(I, Someone) believe in me.||naleul midneunda.|
|너를 좋아한다.||(I, Someone) like you.||neoleul joh-ahanda.|
|개를 키운다.||(I, Someone) raise a dog||gaeleul kiunda|
|사과를 그렸다.||(I, Someone) painted an apple.||sagwaleul geulyeossda.|
|학교를 다닌다.||(I, Someone) attend school.||haggyoleul daninda.|
|나=me, 너=you, 개=dog, 사과=apple, 학교=school, 꽃=flower, 학생=student, 선생님=student, 곰=bear, 수박=watermelon, 보다=to see, 사랑하다= love, 존경하다 = respect, 먹었다 = ate, 만졌다=touched, 믿는다=believe, 좋아한다= like, 키운다=raise, 그렸다=painted, 다닌다=attend|
읽어 주셔서 감사합니다.
Thank you for your reading,
좋은 하루 되세요!
Have a nice day!