Subject maker 이/가
Subject + 이 / 가
Korean particle, 이/가, is used to set the subject in a sentence. This is new concept that only Korean has, but English doesn’t. ‘이/가’ is attached after subject word to announce that it plays the role as the subject in a sentence, though a order of words represent the elements of a sentence in English. This subject maker is characteristic of Korean. People can understand the meaning of a sentence even in wrong order.
The last syllable of subject word decides whether it should be to be ‘이’ or to be ‘가’. If the last syllable has 받침(batchim=Support), Prop(last) Consonant, then it become ‘이’, or ‘가’. For example, the last syllable ‘생’ of the word, 학생(student), has the last consonant ‘ㅇ’, So we must attach ‘이’ after ‘학생’ (->학생+이). On the contrary to this, the last syllable ‘자’ of 남자(man) doesn’t has a last consonant. ‘가’ is attached on after ‘남자'(->남자+가) .
|꽃들이 예쁘다.||The flowers are beautiful.||kkochdeul-i yeppeuda|
|학생이 공부한다.||The student is studying.||hagsaeng-i gongbuhanda|
|선생님이 멋있다.||The teacher is handsome.||seonsaengnim-i meos-issda|
|수박이 맛있다.||A watermelon is delicious.||subag-i mas-issda.|
|곰이 크다.||A bear is big.||gom-i keuda|
|내가 걷는다.||I walk.||naega geodneunda|
|네가 달린다.||you run.||nega dallinda|
|개가 잔다.||A dog sleep.||gaega janda|
|사과가 맛있다.||An apple is delicious.||sagwaga mas-issda|
|학교가 멀다.||School is far away.||haggyoga meolda|
|내(+가)=I, 네(+가)=you, 뭐(+가)=what, 개=dog, 사과=apple, 학교=school, 꽃=flower, 학생=student, 선생님=student, 곰=bear, 수박=watermelon|
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Thank you for your reading,
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Have a nice day!