Subject maker 이/가

29월 - by Jooho Park - 0 - In Particles

 

Subject + 이 / 가

 

Korean particle, 이/가, is used to set the subject in a sentence. This is new concept that only Korean has, but English doesn’t. ‘이/가’  is attached after subject word to announce that it plays the role as the subject in a sentence, though a order of words represent the elements of a sentence in English. This subject maker is characteristic of Korean. People can understand the meaning of a sentence even in wrong order.

The last syllable of subject word decides whether it should be to be ‘이’ or to be ‘가’. If the last syllable has 받침(batchim=Support), Prop(last) Consonant, then it become ‘이’, or ‘가’. For example, the last syllable ‘생’ of the word, 학생(student), has the last consonant ‘ㅇ’,  So we must attach ‘이’ after ‘학생’ (->학생+이).  On the contrary to this, the last syllable ‘자’ of 남자(man) doesn’t has a last consonant. ‘가’ is attached on after ‘남자'(->남자+가) .

Word Meaning Romanization
  꽃들 예쁘다. The flowers are beautiful.  kkochdeul-i yeppeuda
  학생 공부한다. The student is studying.  hagsaeng-i gongbuhanda
  선생님 멋있다. The teacher is handsome.  seonsaengnim-i meos-issda
  수박 맛있다. A watermelon is delicious.  subag-i mas-issda.
  크다. A bear is big.  gom-i keuda
걷는다. I walk.  naega geodneunda
달린다. you run.  nega dallinda
  잔다. A dog sleep.  gaega janda
  사과 맛있다. An apple is delicious.  sagwaga mas-issda
  학교 멀다. School is far away.  haggyoga meolda
Vocab
내(+가)=I, 네(+가)=you, 뭐(+가)=what, 개=dog, 사과=apple, 학교=school, 꽃=flower, 학생=student, 선생님=student, 곰=bear, 수박=watermelon


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Jooho park

from Seoul.

Jooho Park

Jooho Park

Writer at Hangukeo.com
Hello, I am Jooho Park living in Seoul, South Korea. This site is for you who are interested in Korea. So I made it. and Feel free to contact me If you wanna talk with me as like giving opinion or just chatting whatever. Then just Enjoy it ! ^^~
Jooho Park

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